CFD Trading Review

CFD trading is described as the purchase and sale of CFDs, with ‘CFD’ as a ‘contract for difference.’ CFDs are a derivative, since they allow you, without having to take control of the underlying assets, to bet on financial markets such as shares.

Instead, if you sell a CFD, you agree to swap the difference in the price of an asset from the point in time of contract termination. One of the key advantages of CFD is that you can speculate on price fluctuations in one direction or another, depending on the degree to which your prediction is accurate.

The following parts describe some of the key characteristics and uses of various contracts:

  • Short and long business
  • Lifting Leverage
  • Margin Margin
  • Close
  • Short and long trading of CFDs


CFD trading helps you to speculate in either direction on price changes. As you can imitate a conventional company that profits as prices increase on the market, you can also open a CFD place that profits as price falls on the underlying market. This is called selling or “going short” rather than buying or “going far.”

For example, if you think Apple shares would fall in price, you might sell a CFD share on the company. You will also swap the price gap between opening and closing so you will gain a profit if the shares decrease in value and a loss if they raise prices.

Profits and losses can be gained for both long and short trades after the position is closed.

CFD trading leverage clarified

CFD is used, meaning you can be exposed to a broad position without the full cost of trading at the beginning. Say you’d like to open a 500 Apple shares place. With standard trade, that means the full cost of the shares will be paid in advance. In the other side, with a difference deal, you might just have to pay 5 percent of the costs.

While leveraging will allow you to further distribute your money, it is important to note that the full size of your position will be measured for your benefit or loss. In our example , the difference in the price of 500 Apple shares will be between the point where you opened the trade and the point where you closed it. This ensures that all gains and expenses can be significantly increased in relation with the expenditures and that expenses can surpass deposits. It is therefore important to be aware of the leverage ratio and ensure that you trade within your means.

Leveraged trade is often called ‘margin trading,’ because the funds needed to open and retain a role – the ‘margin’ – only make up a part of its size.

There are two forms of margin when selling CFDs. A deposit margin is necessary to start a position, while a maintenance margin might be needed if your company is close to losses that will not be protected by the deposit margin and any additional funds in your account. If this happens, your provider can call you to upgrade the funds in your account. If you don’t add enough money, the place can be closed and any losses incurred.

CFDs hedging clarified

CFDs can also be used in the current portfolio to hedge against losses.

For example, if you felt that a short-term drop in value in some ABC Limited shares in your portfolio could be accomplished by a deceitful earnings report, then you could compensate for any possible losses by short-term trading in the CFD market. If you wanted to hedge your risk in this way, any decrease in the value of the shares of ABC Limited in your portfolio will be compensated by a rise in your short-term CFD trade.

How are CFDs working?

Now you understand what differential contracts are, it’s time to look at how they function. Four main principles behind CFD trading are explained here: spreads, sizes, dates and profit / loss.

Dissemination and tribunal
The rates for CFD are quoted at two points: the price for purchase and the sale price.

The selling price (or bidding price) is the price for a short CFD
The selling price (or bid price) is the price you will open a long CFD.
Sale prices are often marginally lower than existing prices on the market, and purchase prices are slightly higher. The disparity between the two prices is called the distribution.

The cost for opening a CFD place is most frequently covered in terms of spread, which means that purchase and selling rates will be changed to reflect the cost of making the exchange.

Our share CFDs which are not paid through the spread are the exception. Rather, our purchase and selling rates correspond to the price of the underlying market and the charge to open a CFD share is focused on fee payments. The act of speculating on share prices using commissions is closer to the purchasing and sale of stocks in the market.

In uniform contracts (lots) CFDs are traded. The size of a contract differ depending on which asset is sold, which also represents how the asset is sold on the market.

Silver for example is sold in lots of 5,000 troy ounces on commodities exchanges and the corresponding difference contract has 5,000 troy ounces as well. For CFDs, the contract size typically equals one share of the business that you exchanged. You will purchase 500 HSBC CFD contracts to open a place that imitates buying 500 HSBC shares.

This is another aspect that CFD trading is closer to standard trading than other derivatives, such as options.

Unlike options, most CFD trades have no set expiry. The location is instead closed by putting a trade in the opposite direction from the one which opened it. For example, a buying position of 500 gold contracts will be closed by selling 500 gold contracts.

You will be paid an overnight financing fee if you keep the daily CFD place open past the daily cut-off time (usually 10 pm UK time, but this can differ on international markets). The cost represents the cost of the money your provider has currently leased you to open a leveraged company.

However, this is not always the case, with the biggest exception being an advance deal. A prospective contract has an expiry date at some stage in the future which already requires all overnight expenses for financing.

You multiply the position deal size (total number of contracts) by the value of each contract (expressed by point of movements) to determine the benefit or loss obtained from a CFD transaction. This sum is then compounded by the difference between the price when the contract is opened and closed.

Return or loss

(No. contracts x contract value)
x (price closure-price opening)

You can also withdraw any charges or fees you paid for a complete estimate of benefit or loss from a deal. This may include overnight financing, commission or guaranteed stop charges.

Say , for example, that if the buy price is 7500.0, you buy 50 FTSE 100 contracts. A single contract is $10 per dot, so you’d make $500 for each upward spot, and you would lose $500 for each downward spot (50 contracts multiplied by $10).